"A Constitution that will change our society"

At some time or other in our daily walk and in different scenarios we have heard this phrase: Changes are coming! And it is that for many Cubans are changes that are assumed since already in full popular consultation of the Project of the Constitution of the Republic of Cuba.


The certain thing is that the citizens prefer to modify some articles, others believe that they can be suppressed, several of us are in agreement with the proposals, but in search of the end of a popular consensus to push forward the new times of a Cuba that pursues that prosperous Socialism and sustainable.


This is a people's process, which is why also the delegates of the People's Power are present in each meeting of their community. Such is the case of the Jaruqueña Anelis Díaz González, journalist of Radio Jaruco and delegate of the 10th district, of the town head. Anelis, from your experience, how do the delegates support such an important and decisive process?


"I want to say first all the delegates also prepare us for the popular consultation of the Draft of the Constitution of the Republic of Cuba. There was a previous process, first internalizing the entire explanation of Homero Acosta Álvarez, Secretary of the Council of State, and I realized the most recurrent topics of my constituents, knowing how they live, their family conditions, and the environment that surrounds them. "
Could you mention some for example?


"I can mention article 31 on labor rights. I think it is a key point that corresponds to us all to review and I know that several of my constituents are interested in him; they want to discuss it well, analyze it in the best way. Also at the meetings, for example, we will discuss the environment, because we are all part of it, and we are interested in helping, in providing a bit of care, and now that the Magna Carta speaks in its favor, that satisfies us a lot. I think that in my constituency we will also talk about Article 21 on forms of property; of land holdings; what it means in enrichment and fortune in Cuba; in short, points that in this draft Constitution are well defined and yet do not attract much attention to Cubans. "


Now, as a journalist you already had the opportunity to witness some of the debates in neighborhoods and communities of Jaruco. What’s about those meetings?


"It happens what we expected a bit. People are paying close attention to Articles 44, 45, and 46, related to the equal rights of men and women, and what refers to free marriage between two people. "


I know that in the Constitution Project there is a topic that touches you very closely because you approach it practically every day in your journalistic works and in the varied programming of Radio Jaruco, and I am referring to the family.


"Yes, of course, very important and from which I estimate, much can be gained in the process of popular analysis. We are talking about <Chapter III: Social, economic and cultural rights.> How important this is specifically within our Constitution, right! And yet the town practically, and I note, here in Jaruco, is not addressed. A Chapter that refers, first to the family, to marriage, to the rights of our children, to issues as sensitive as domestic violence, the protection of the Cuban State to our children ... and still, do people ask for the word to criticize for example marriage between two people of the same sex? It is as if not to stop analyzing Chapter III at each meeting. "


And in this same section issues related to the development and promotion of Culture and Sport, two great victories of the Cuban Revolution.


"Sure, that is, we are not internalizing well. Of course, I am not absolute, nor do I intend that the entire population refers to the aforementioned issues in this interview because logically everyone has their doubts, their criteria, their opinions, and for that this process is to express it. I'm just being ruled by the repeated topics in each meeting, because they agree the same in a meeting in a neighborhood of the popular council of Caraballo, as in the Community of Guaicanamar or in Tumba Cuatro. "


Anelis, how do you as a delegate of the People's Power, can help those voters to worry about these issues that we have already talked about?
"It is very simple, with the daily conversation, with the exchange with them every day. For example, in circumscription 10, the meeting schedule is scheduled for this month of September. So what does it correspond to me as a delegate? prepare them, tell them what are the articles that even by the way of life of each family in my community they can discuss, whether or not according to what is reflected in the Constitution Project, but I assure you that I have always tried be well close to them so that they not only see the most superficial, but observe how many important points there are in the Constitution and are their living reflection. "


What message then does Anelis Díaz, to the population of Jaruco in relation to the analysis of the Constitution Project of the Republic of Cuba?
"I tell my constituents, in the first instance, and the population in general, that we should study the document, because we are talking about the Magna Carta of our nation. We have in our hands the possibility of changing something if we do not agree, of course through consensus always. But does that citizen have that right so openly another citizen of another country? I think that few states do it and the process is very superficial. Let's dedicate some time of the day to review your articles, and something very important to discuss it, discuss it in the home, that even our children know what we are talking about and why. In that way, I think, we are also brewing our Patria history. "


This is Anelis, without a doubt the Cuban citizens are facing a historic moment that will mark the generational and social destiny of the 21st century Cuba. Thank you very much for your time.


Now it is only for Cubans to comply with the call of the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba, Raúl Castro Ruz, on July 26 during his speech at the National Central Act for the 60th anniversary of the assaults on the Moncada and Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Barracks, when he said: "A momentous political and democratic exercise will begin, the success of which will depend, in the first place, on the active and committed participation of the Cubans, under the leadership of the Communist Party and the participation of the Young Communists League and the mass organizations, in which each citizen must be made to understand the need and scope of the changes that we must introduce in the Constitution, so that the irrevocable character of socialism and the continuity of the Revolution is guaranteed. "


Translated by Ada Iris Guerrero