IPK specialists behind the trail of the African Giant Snail in Jaruco

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Jaruco, Mayabeque. Following the trail of the African Giant Snail (CGA), this August 21, two specialists from the Institute of Tropical Medicine Pedro Kourí, a malacologist and an epidemiologist (IPK) visited the Jaruco.

As part of their agenda they held an exchange with experts from the Municipal Department of Epidemiology and the Territorial Station for Plant Protection.

The dialogue focused on the importance of preventing the proliferation of mollusc, dispersed today in twelve Cuban provinces and the special municipality Isla de la Juventud.

The engineer Alejandro Barrueta Gálvez, specialist of the Territorial Station for the Protection of Plants of Jaruco, said that the experts of the IPK crossed the point of the municipal head where the CGA was detected for the first time in 2018.

There they collected some specimens to determine the level of their nematodes, taking into account that the infection may vary depending on their diet, they explained.

They said that healthy specimens have been detected, especially in places where they feed exclusively on plants, while those that rely on organic matter, mainly present in landfills, are generally carriers of the parasite.

Barrueta Gálvez, said that until now in the municipality the CGA was identified in two points, although its presence in other places cannot be ruled out, taking into account that it is disseminated mainly, by the action of man.

The situation of the micro-landfills and the state in which the municipal landfill is located today are vulnerabilities highlighted by the epidemiologists and specialists of plant health of Jaruco, he stressed.

The IPK specialists learned that salt, lime and mechanical methods are used in the municipality to eliminate this type of snail, recognized among the 100 most harmful invasive alien species in the world.

However, there is no progress in consolidating the multidisciplinary group that should lead the confrontation with the CGA, said engineer Alejandro Barrueta.

He recalled that the efficient work of this municipal team depends largely on the success of the country’s efforts to gradually reduce mollusc populations.

The specialist of the Territorial Station for the Protection of Plants of Jaruco pointed out that the nematodes present in the snail drool can cause people Eosinophilic Meningoencephalitis and abdominal Angiostrongiliasis, among other conditions.

He valued the meeting with the experts of IPK how profitable, who insisted on the promotion and dissemination as effective ways to cut the way to the CGA, and thus avoid the risks that its presence poses to human, animal and plant health.


Translated by Ada Iris Guerrero



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