What is hygiene?

Many have heard of the hygiene we should have especially in these summer months prone to the onset of diarrhea diseases, Conjunctivitis and others such as Zika, Dengue and Chicungunya, the latter because of the presence of mosquitoes of the species Aedes. But I wonder, do we know how the word hygiene came about and what does it really mean?


According to data from the Cuban Collaborative Encyclopedia ECURED, in ancient Greece the goddess of health was called Higieya, a word from which we derive what we now call hygiene.


They say that the Greek Hippocrates, considered the father of medicine, refused to have a divine nature and stated that they were not a punishment of the gods but as a consequence of natural phenomena and poor hygiene. Hygiene then flourished as a true science in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.


The development of preventive medicine made possible a marked decrease in the incidence of diseases, and human beings began to adopt appropriate habits and behaviors to avoid them.


With the pass of time the hygiene came to be cataloged private and public. The first is the responsibility of the individual and among its main objectives are personal cleanliness and the environment in which he lives, while the public refers to applications in which the State intervene and adopts collective measures for the sanitation of communities and work centers.


To maintain proper hygiene we must wash our hands after going to the bathroom, to vote the garbage, to cough or sneeze, to change diapers to a child, to clean, to take or to touch an instrument used by another person, and especially when arriving home and complete the working day.


Remember friend that proper hygiene provides a favorable health environment to prevent diseases. Your family and friends will thank you.

Translated by Ada Iris Guerrero